When growing populations find themselves in need of new land for roads or housing, they’ll turn to land reclamation. In some cases, communities use land reclamation as a means of additional protection against damaging weather patterns. But what is land reclamation? And what is its purpose?

Land reclamation is the process of making lands suitable for new purposes such as port construction, irrigation, and more. This may involve taking land from one area and using it to build new land or draining an area of water to build on top of. Communities, especially on coastal lines, turn to land reclamation to create new land for industry and housing. Additionally, it can also help protect operations from storm surges and flooding. Learn more about land reclamation and what it can do for your local community.


Why Land Reclamation Projects Are Needed Worldwide

As populations grow and expand, the need for more reclaiming land for industrial, housing, and agriculture purposes rises. Land reclamation is the solution to these problems. But land reclamation can also be used to transform bodies of water into usable land. This can help revitalize economies by providing additional usable lands for ports and other transportation means.

Beyond the economic purposes of land reclamation, you can use it to improve and maintain soil fertility for farming. And when natural disasters such as floods or storms hit, use land reclamation to mitigate its effects. This means that you can keep your operation producing at optimal capacity despite climate or weather fluctuations.


How the Land Reclamation Process Works

Now that you understand what it’s used for, let’s go over the process of land reclamation. Depending on the exact project, land reclamation can simply involve filling an area with large, heavy rocks or cement. Then clay and/or soil are used until you’ve reached the desired height. In other instances, people use land reclamation to drain the water from a local body. The land is then used for farming, industry, or some other purpose.

You can achieve land reclamation by way of dry earth moving, hydraulic filling, or poldering. The process of poldering involves pumping water out of a marsh or muddy land and then using dikes to keep the area dry. Use dry earth moving, the process of moving earth from one area to another, to increase the level of the land being created. Lastly, you can use hydraulic fill material from a previously dredged area to raise the level of or build new land.


GLDD’s Past Land Reclamation Projects

Interested in finding out more about what land reclamation projects could do for your local community? Discover what makes Great Lakes Dredge & Dock (GLDD) the largest provider of dredging and land reclamation services in the United States. Want to see examples of land reclamation projects before deciding? Take a look at the previous land restoration projects GLDD has been a part of. Let us work with your community to reclaim local land and put it to better use.

The Ellis Island

The Ellis Island recently commenced dredging operations on Phase 1 of the MSCIP Comprehensive Barrier Island Restoration Plan in the U. S. Gulf of Mexico offshore of Gulfport Mississippi. With a 15,000 cubic yard capacity Ellis Island is the largest hopper dredge in the U. S..

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